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Er korte passord egentlig så usikre?

Er korte passord egentlig så usikre?

Geoffrey Carr

Du kjenner boret: bruk et langt og variert passord, ikke bruk samme passord to ganger, bruk et annet passord for hvert nettsted. Bruker du et kort passord virkelig så farlig? Dagens Spørsmål & Svar-sesjon kommer til oss med høflighet av SuperUser-en underavdeling av Stack Exchange, en fellesskapsdrevet gruppering av Q & A-nettsteder.

Spørsmålet

SuperUser-leser user31073 er ​​nysgjerrig på om han virkelig bør ta vare på de korte passordvarslene:

Using systems like TrueCrypt, when I have to define a new password I am often informed that using a short password is insecure and “very easy” to break by brute-force.

I always use passwords of 8 characters in length, which are not based on dictionary words, which consists of characters from the set A-Z, a-z, 0-9

I.e. I use password like sDvE98f1

How easy is it to crack such a password by brute-force? I.e. how fast.

I know it heavily depends on the hardware but maybe someone could give me an estimate how long it would take to do this on a dual core with 2GHZ or whatever to have a frame of reference for the hardware.

To brute-force attack such a password one needs not only to cycle through all combinations but also try to decrypt with each guessed password which also needs some time.

Also, is there some software to brute-force hack TrueCrypt because I want to try to brute-force crack my own password to see how long it takes if it is really that “very easy”.

Er korte tilfeldige tegn passord virkelig i fare?

Svaret

SuperUser-bidragsyter Josh K. fremhever hva angriperen vil trenge:

If the attacker can gain access to the password hash it is often very easy to brute force since it simply entails hashing passwords until the hashes match.

The hash “strength” is dependent on how the password is stored. A MD5 hash might take less time to generate then a SHA-512 hash.

Windows used to (and may still, I don’t know) store passwords in a LM hash format, which uppercased the password and split it into two 7 character chunks which were then hashed. If you had a 15 character password it wouldn’t matter because it only stored the first 14 characters, and it was easy to brute force because you weren’t brute forcing a 14 character password, you were brute forcing two 7 character passwords.

If you feel the need, download a program such as John The Ripper or Cain & Abel (links withheld) and test it.

I recall being able to generate 200,000 hashes a second for an LM hash. Depending on how Truecrypt stores the hash, and if it can be retrieved from a locked volume, it could take more or less time.

Brute force attacks are often used when the attacker has a large number of hashes to go through. After running through a common dictionary they will often start weeding passwords out with common brute force attacks. Numbered passwords up to ten, extended alpha and numeric, alphanumeric and common symbols, alphanumeric and extended symbols. Depending on the goal of the attack it can lead with varying success rates. Attempting to compromise the security of one account in particular is often not the goal.

En annen bidragsyter, Phoshi utvider seg på ideen:

Brute-Force is not a viable attack, pretty much ever. If the attacker knows nothing about your password, he isn’t getting it through brute-force this side of 2020. This may change in the future, as hardware advances (For example, one could use all however-many-it-has-now cores on an i7, massively speeding up the process (Still talking years, though))

If you want to be -super- secure, stick an extended-ascii symbol in there (Hold alt, use the numpad to type in a number larger than 255). Doing that pretty much assures that a plain brute-force is useless.

You should be concerned about potential flaws in truecrypt’s encryption algorithm, which could make finding a password much easier, and of course, the most complex password in the world is useless if the machine you’re using it on is compromised.

Vi vil annotere Phoshi svar å lese "Brute-Force er ikke et levedyktig angrep, når du bruker sofistikert nåværende generasjon kryptering, ganske mye noensinne".

Som vi fremhevet i vår siste artikkel, forklares Brute-Force Attacks: Hvordan all kryptering er utsatt, krypteringssystemer alder og maskinvare kraft øker, så det er bare et spørsmål om tid før det pleide å være et hardt mål (som Microsoft's NTLM passord krypteringsalgoritme) er nederlag i løpet av få timer.


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